The history of Dubrovnik began in the 7th century, around the year of 614. A group of refugees from Epidaurus (present-day Cavtat), while fleeing from the Avars who devastated and destroyed their town, established a settlement on the small islet called Laus (which in Greek means rock).
According to ancient historians, the Greeks founded Epidaurum already in the 7th century BC. It became a well known trade centre during the time of the Roman Empire. More information about the Roman Empire on Wikipedia
The highlight of the Dubrovnik Republic was during the 15th and 16th centuries, that was the period of the most successful economic rise and of exceptional cultural creativity.
This was at the time of permanent Venetian aspiration for the domination of the Adriatic region and ever more frequent Turkish attack.
Maritime affairs and trade had a long tradition in Dubrovnik Republic. This was written in 1272. It had numerous provisions with regard to maritime affairs, ship's measures, types of ships etc.
The main products, which were partly exported, were brandy, olive oil, dried fruit, salted fish, wine, wool and wool-products, leather and wax. The production of salt in the salt pans in Ston on Pelješac peninsula was especially successful.
During medieval times states and cities usually had their own patron saint. Such saints were prayed to, churches were built to honor them and in the hardest of times people relied on their help and guidance.
Freedom remained woven into the golden letters LIBERTAS
Protected by its heavenly patron St Blaise, the Dubrovnik Republic survived a lot of difficulties throughout its rich history - from sieges by various conquerors, maritime blockades and plague, to hunger, disastrous earthquakes and inner turmoil. For many centuries it preserved its freedom and independence primarily owing to ingenious diplomacy, managing to win the favour of some of the leading European powers such as Austria, Turkey, Spain, Kingdom of Naples and the omnipresent Holy Seat.
Thanks to such protection, the Dubrovnik Republic dedicated itself to maritime trade with the East, becoming one of the major trade mediators. It had consulates on the entire Mediterranean and diplomats who took care of the Republic’s interests at the European courts. The residents of Dubrovnik invested their wealth in foreign banks, and in constructing palaces and summer residences in and around the city.